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Friday, July 24, 2020 | History

2 edition of Sensitivity of gram-negative bacilli to the serum bactericidal activity found in the catalog.

Sensitivity of gram-negative bacilli to the serum bactericidal activity

Sante Olling

Sensitivity of gram-negative bacilli to the serum bactericidal activity

a marker of the host-parasite relationship in acute and persisting infections

by Sante Olling

  • 13 Want to read
  • 31 Currently reading

Published by University of Göteborg, distr. by Almqvist & Wiksell Periodical Co. in Göteborg, Stockholm .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Bacterial diseases.,
  • Gram-negative bacteria.

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. [33]-40.

    Statementby Sante Olling.
    SeriesScandinavian journal of infectious diseases -- 10 Supplementum,, Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases -- 10
    The Physical Object
    Pagination40 p. :
    Number of Pages40
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16496560M

    Long, slender, helically curved, gram-negative bacilli that present with hooked ends are identified as belonging to which species? Leptospira Systemic symptoms such as fever, weight loss, malaise, and loss of appetite can be present along with a widespread rash can be seen in patients suffering from.   This analysis demonstrated that a total-drug AUC 0– MIC value ⩾ 87 correlated with the eradication of gram-negative bacilli (P). Because levofloxacin is ∼ 29% bound to serum proteins, this value corresponds to an f AUC 0– MIC value of ∼

      PENICILLINS Beta- lactam antibiotics Narrow spectrum antibiotics Bactericidal These have the greatest activity against gram-positive organisms, gram-negative cocci, and non- lactamase-producing anaerobes. However, they have little activity against gram-negative rods. They are susceptible to hydrolysis by lactamases. 35 Purpose: To evaluate the spectrum of activity of three β-lactamase inhibitors such as amoxicillin/ clavulanic acid, ticarcillin/ clavulanic acid and piperacillin/ tazobactam in comparison to cephalosporins against gram negative s: Gram-negative bacilli isolated from the clinical specimens received in the laboratory were included in the study.

    1. Aerobic gram-negative bacilli and some gram-positive bacteria (some gram-positive are resistant) 2. Septicemia, postoperative pulmonary, intra-abdominal, and serious recurrent UTIs, infections of bone, skin, soft tissue, and joints. Ammonia forming bacteria in gut of pt with hepatic encephalopathy 3. Of specimens, (%) isolates were recovered, of which (%) were gram-negative bacilli (GNB) and (%) were gram-positive organisms. From to .


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Sensitivity of gram-negative bacilli to the serum bactericidal activity by Sante Olling Download PDF EPUB FB2

Olling S. Sensitivity of gram-negative bacilli to the serum bactericidal activity: a marker of the host-parasite relationship in acute and persisting infections. Scand J Infect Dis Suppl.

;(10):1– Olling S, Hanson LA, Holmgren J, Jodal U, Lincoln K, Lindberg by: Olling S. Sensitivity of gram-negative bacilli to the serum bactericidal activity: a marker of the host-parasite relationship in acute and persisting infections.

Scand J Infect Dis Suppl. ;(10):1–Cited by: 6. Clin. Sci. 43, 37 Oiling S. () Sensitivity of gram-negative bacilli to the serum bactericidal activity: A marker of the host-parasite relationship in Cited by: 8.

Serum bactericidal activity was determined routinely in 89 patients with gram-negative bacillary bacteremia, 79 of whom were analyzed because they had granulocyte counts either below /mm 3 or above 1,/mm 3.A peak (one hour after the administration of the antibiotics) serum bactericidal titer of or more in nongranulocytopenic patients or or more in severely Cited by:   The complement-dependent bactericidal system of serum is lethal to many strains of gram-negative bacilli by causing injury to the cell wall [23].

From to per cent of gram-negative bacilli isolated from blood cultures have been found to be sensitive to this sys- tem []; however, the frequency with which serum-sensitive strains. Moraxella catarrhalis is a respiratory pathogen responsible for acute bacterial otitis media in children and exacerbation of chronic bronchitis in adults.

catarrhalis strains are frequently resistant to the bactericidal activity of normal human serum. In order to determine if the lipooligosaccharide (LOS) of M. catarrhalis has a role in serum resistance, the UDP-glucoseepimerase (galE. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is an association between serum resistance, O serotypes, and the production of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) in Klebsiella ESBL-producing and non-ESBL-producing K.

pneumoniae isolates gathered in five European countries were O serotyped and tested for sensitivity to the serum's bactericidal effect. In human beings, many of the severe infectious diseases are caused by gram negative bacteria.

When the era of antibiotics commenced with the discovery of penicillin, it was found that most of the penicillin-based antibiotic derivatives were ineffective against gram negative bacterial infections. It has activity against most Gram-negative bacilli, including many multi-drug resistant Enterobactericiae, Acinetobacter spp.

and P. aeruginosa. Notably, it is not active against the following Gram-negative genera: Proteus, Serratia, Providencia, Burkholderia, as well as Gram-negative cocci, Gram-positive organisms, or anaerobes.

Olling S. Sensitivity of gram-negative bacilli to the serum bactericidal activity: a marker of the host-parasite relationship in acute and persisting infections. Scand J. The peak and trough levels of bactericidal activity of the serum of 74 severely granulocytopenic patients (⩽ polymorphonucleates per μl) with hematologic malignancies and Gram-negative septicemia were measured using the patient's infectious organism and serum containing the given the peak titer of bactericidal activity in the serum was > the septicemia.

Crombie, L.,The influence of the growth phase of gram negative bacteria on their sensitivity to the antibody-complement lysozyme system, Thesis, University of Minnesota. Google Scholar Crombie, L., Muschel, L. H.,Quantitative studies on spheroplast formation by the comple-ment system and lysozyme on gram negative bacteria, Proc.

Vancomycin is bactericidal against most aerobic and anaerobic gram-positive cocci and bacilli but is ineffective against most gram-negative bacteria. The drug interferes with the phospholipid cycle of cell wall synthesis, alters plasma membrane function, and inhibits RNA synthesis.

It is not metabolized by the body and is excreted unchanged. Root RK, Ellman L, Frank MM. Bactericidal and opsonic properties of C4-deficient guinea pig serum. J Immunol. Sep; (3)– Rowley D. Sensitivity of rough gram-negative bacteria to the bactericidal action of serum.

J Bacteriol. May; 95 (5)– [PMC free article]. Hospital-onset infections — Gram-negative bacilli were once the predominant organisms associated with hospital-onset bloodstream infections in the United States. Since the s, gram-positive aerobes (eg, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Staphylococcus aureus, and enterococci), and Candida species have increased in relative importance.

Oiling S () Sensitivity of gram-negative bacilli to the serum bactericidal activity: a marker of the host-parasite relationship in acute and persisting infections. Scand J. A main virulence factor of gram-negative bacteria is the resistance to the bactericidal activity of serum.

The ineffectiveness of this host defense mechanism is due to a resistance to the attack of complement. According to the literature, certain β-lactam antibiotics influence the resistance of bacteria against the attack of complement. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and microbiological efficacy and toxicity of different high-dose regimens of colistin in the ICU patients with colistin-sensitive MDR Gram-negative infections.

In this prospective, open label, randomized clinical trial, patients with clinical features of infection and positive culture for MDR colistin-sensitive Gram-negative bacteria were.

More than 20% of patients admitted to European intensive care units (ICUs) develop an ICU-acquired infection. 1 A high prevalence of decreased antibiotic susceptibility among gram-negative bacilli has been reported from ICU patients in France, 2,3 Belgium, 4 Germany, 5 and the Netherlands during and6 the United States between Open Library is an open, editable library catalog, building towards a web page for every book ever published.

Read, borrow, and discover more than 3M books for free. Gram-negative isolates were sensitive to ceftazidime in 95%, ciprofloxacin in 86% and cefuroxime in 50%, with a sensitivity of less than 30% to cefalexin and ampicillin in those tested.The digestion of α-LA with trypsin and chymotrypsin creates some polypeptides with bactericidal properties, mostly against Gram-positive bacteria and a weak bactericidal activity against Gram-negative strains.

The peptide α-lactorphin behaves like opioid receptor agonists [74,75].The Gram Positive Bacilli of Medical Importance Chapter 19 MCB Palm Beach State College (phage 5 sensitive) 6 Bacillus cereus • Common airborne /dustborne; usual methods of disinfection/ Gram-Negative Bacilli of Medical Importance Chapter 20 MCB PBCC Professor Tcherina Duncombe.

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